The Javanese tribe is the largest tribe that inhabits the territory of Indonesia. The existence of this tribe is not only on the island of Java but also spread evenly throughout the Indonesian archipelago.
The Javanese tribe is famous for its hospitality and refinement. Javanese customs are very numerous and varied. Javanese people usually still believe in ancestral myths and legends.
Javanese civilization including advanced, this is evidenced by the existence of large kingdoms in Java and its inheritance that can still be seen today. An example is the kingdom of Mataram, Majapahit and so on, then there are Borobudur temples, Prambanan Temples, Mendut Temples and others. The origin of the Javanese tribe itself has several theories that you can read below:
1. Babad Tanah Jawa (babad java land)
History The Javanese people according to the Babad Java land are from the Kling kingdom. At that time Kling’s kingdom was in a chaotic situation due to the struggle for power. Then one of the princes of Kling who was left out left the kingdom along with his loyal followers.
Prince Kling wandered until he found a remote island that had not been inhabited. They worked together to build settlements, and finally they also established a kingdom called Javacekwara. This prince’s descendants are considered the ancestors of the Javanese tribe according to the Babad of Javanese Land.
2. The Ancient Letter of the Palace of Malang
According to this ancient letter from the Malang Palace, the origin of the Javanese population originated from the Turkish kingdom in 450 BC. The King sent his people to wander and build their uninhabited territory. This migration is carried out in waves over a period of time.
Finally the king’s envoy arrived at a fertile land, found many various foodstuffs. It is not difficult to adapt and build settlements there. More and more migration waves are coming. The foreign island was finally given the name jawi land by the people who came, because there were many jawi plants found.
3. Ancient Indian Writings
Based on ancient Indian writings mention that in ancient times several islands in the archipelago merged with mainland Asia and Australia. At one time there was a disaster which caused an increase in sea level. Some land was submerged in water until it finally separated the islands from the mainland.
The ancient writing also mentions a wanderer named Aji Saka. He wandered to several directions and finally found the island of Java. According to this ancient writing, Aji Saka was the first person to set foot on Javanese earth. He and his followers are considered the ancestors of the Javanese tribe today.
4. Archaeological Opinion
According to archaeologists the origin of the Javanese population is inseparable from the origin of the Indonesian people themselves. Archaeologists believe that the ancestors of the Javanese tribe came from the indigenous population. This is reinforced by the discovery of ancient human fossils Pithecanthropus Erectus and Homo Erectus.
Eugene Dubois who was an anatomist from the Netherlands found a Homo erectus fossil. The discovery took place at Trinil in 1891. The fossil Homo erectus is better known as the Java man.
Then a comparison was made between DNA in these ancient human fossils and the Javanese tribe in the present. The results obtained are quite interesting, that the DNA has no difference that is far from each other. This was finally believed by some archaeologists as a theory of the origin of the existence of the Javanese tribe.
5. Historian’s Opinion
Historians have different opinions regarding the origin of the Javanese tribe. Von Hein Geldern said that there had been migration of people from the southern part of China or commonly called Yunan in the archipelago. This migration took place starting from the neolithic era 2000 BC to the era of bronze 500 BC on a large scale and gradually using outrigger boats.
According to Dr.H.Kern who revealed his research in 1899, stated that regional languages in Indonesia resembled each other. Then he draws conclusions if the language originates from the same root group, namely the Austronesian family. This is what strengthens Geldern about his theory regarding the origins of the Javanese tribe and the Indonesian people.